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The following chart summarises the benefits and tax credits you may be able to get depending on your circumstances. In each case, there are other tests you must pass to be entitled. The page number in the last column takes you to the relevant chapter, where you will find more details about the rules of entitlement. Part 3 explains which benefits are affected by any grant or loan you get. Terms such as ‘full time’, ‘part time’ and ‘student’ are explained in each benefit chapter. Note: new claims cannot be made for income support, income-based jobseeker’s allowance, income-related employment and support allowance, and tax credits, and cannot usually be made for housing benefit.
Your circumstances
Benefit or tax credit
Page
Aged 16–18 (and some 19 year olds) in full-time further education
Have a child
Universal credit
Income support
Housing benefit
Child benefit
Child tax credit
Aged 16–20 (and some 21 year olds) in full-time further education
Orphan, estranged or separated from parents
Universal credit
Income support
Housing benefit
Living away from parents
Univeral credit
Housing benefit
Full-time student
Single
Health benefits
Lone parent of child under five
Universal credit
Income support
Housing benefit
Child tax credit
Child benefit
Student couple with a child, or lone parent
Universal credit
Housing benefit
Child tax credit
Child benefit
Couple, one student
Universal credit
Income support
Jobseeker’s allowance
Employment and support allowance
Housing benefit
Child tax credit
Child benefit
Part-time student
Universal credit
Income support
Jobseeker’s allowance
Employment and support allowance
Housing benefit
Working
Under 16 hours
Part-time student
Income support
Jobseeker’s allowance
Full-time student
Income support (if eligible)
At least 16 hours a week (24 for most couples) and have a child
Working tax credit
At least 16 hours a week and have a disability
Working tax credit
At least 30 hours a week and aged 25 or over
Working tax credit
At least 16 hours a week and aged 60 or over
Working tax credit
Any number of hours
Universal credit (if eligible)
Sick or disabled
Universal credit
Employment and support allowance
Housing benefit
Personal independence payment
Health benefits
Recovered and waiting to return to studies
Universal credit
Having a baby
Under 18
Best Start foods
Best Start grant
Scottish child payment
Getting certain benefits/tax credits
Best Start foods
Best Start grant
Scottish child payment
Working or recently working
Universal credit
Maternity allowance
Statutory maternity pay
Statutory shared parental pay
Working tax credit
When the child is born
Universal credit
Child tax credit
Child benefit
Best start grant
Scottish child payment
Studying part time
Universal credit
Income support
Partner having a baby
Statutory paternity pay
Statutory shared parental pay
Adopting a child
Statutory adoption pay
Caring for someone sick or disabled
Studying part time
Carer’s allowance
Universal credit
Income support
Waiting to return to studies after taking time out to care
Studying part time
Universal credit
Need dental treatment or glasses
Health benefits
Reached pension age
Pension credit
Housing benefit

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